The waves generated by earthquake are called seismic waves, which move on the earth’s surface and are measured by ‘seismograph’.
Sometimes it also comes in the form of natural disaster. In such a situation, you can try some simple measures to protect yourself and others.
Find safe spots in your home: Identify safe spots in each room of your home. The safest spot is any interior room in your home that has no windows, such as the bathroom. If possible, hide under something sturdy, such as a strong table, desk or door.
Find an open space: If you are outside, the safest place in an earthquake is a clear and open space away from buildings, trees, streetlights and power lines. Fall to the ground and stay there until the shaking stops.
If you are inside, drop to the ground and hide under something sturdy like a desk or table when you feel the earthquake. Hold the object with one hand and protect your head and neck with the other hand.
If you don’t have anything sturdy to hide behind, lean against an interior wall. Stay indoors until the shaking stops and you are sure it is safe to go out.
If you or someone with you is hurt or injured, contact your local authorities for help.
Keep your contact information up to date: This includes phone numbers, addresses. Keep your children’s school or child care emergency information up to date so that if an earthquake hits, you’ll know where your child is and who can pick them up.
If you are in a vehicle, stop moving. Move to a clear location when it is safe to do so. Stop and fasten your seat belt and remain there until the tremors stop. If you feel the tremors of the earthquake, turn off the gas cylinder and main electricity switch. When searching for a safe place outside the house, do not stand near any deep place, well, pond, river, sea or dilapidated house.