Pollution and diabetes

As soon as the month of November arrives, like every year, this year too air pollution is in the headlines in the media. It has already been said that pollution is harmful for health. In this regard, a new study conducted in India has shown that this increases the risk of type 2 diabetes. This is not a new finding. The only new thing in this is that the indication of relationship between pollution and diabetes which was seen in western countries and China, has also been found in India. This is the first study of its kind in India, which is actually part of a research started in 2010 about chronic diseases in India.

Chronic diseases are those which require taking medicines for a long period of time. The first report among these has come about diabetes. Researchers monitored the health of 12 thousand people in Delhi and Chennai for seven years. In this, their blood sugar levels were measured from time to time along with satellite data of pollution. They found that living among very fine PM 2.5 particles of pollution for a month increased blood sugar levels. The gist of the detailed report is that pollution can cause type 2 diabetes. Of the two types of diabetes, type 2 is the more common. In diabetes, there is excessive thirst and urination and fatigue. Apart from this, serious diseases related to eyes, heart and nerves can also occur.

Overall, after having diabetes, no person’s lifestyle remains normal. If it is not treated on time, the situation can become more serious. Increase in sugar and blood pressure can also cause heart disease. In June this year, it was reported that 10 crore people in India or 11.4 percent of the population are diabetic patients. It was also said in the survey of the Health Ministry of India that more than 13 crore people are in pre-diabetic state, that is, if such people do not take precautions, they can get diabetes within a few years. It is difficult to prevent type-1 diabetes.

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But, the risk of type-2 diabetes can be reduced by balanced diet and regular exercise. From the report proving the connection of pollution with diabetes, it can also be understood that increasing pollution can also be one of the reasons for the increasing number of diabetes patients in India. In such a situation, the need for measures to control pollution becomes more urgent than before.

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